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The Mid-West Institute of Orofacial Myology

Kim Stevens, RDH, BS, MBA, OM

(573) 231-6385


Orofacial Myology

What is Orofacial Myology?

"oro" refers to oral or mouth

"facial" refers to the face

"myo" refers to muscles

 

The Goal:

  • Restore a normal rest posture of the tongue, lips and face.

 

This can:

  • Guide teeth into a more desireable relationship during the growth and developement years
  • Assist the orthodontist in aligning the teeth and jaws properly.
  • Assist in the stablization of teeth during and/or after orthodontic treatment and/or surgery.
  • Enhance overall  facial appearance.

 

Facts to Know!                                                                                                                               

 A primary goal of orofacial myofunctional therapy is to recapture a normal freeway space dimension by eliminating deleterious sucking habits, re-positioning a forward, interdental resting tongue posture, teaching a closed lips nasal breathing posture, retraining and eliminating an inorrect chewing pattern and swallow, and normalizing or opening a closed dental rest posture.

Myofunctional disorders involve behaviors and patterns created by inappropriate muscle function and incorrect habits involving the tongue, lips, face, and jaw.

During rest, an incorrect positioning of the tongue may contribute to improper orofacial development, misalignment of the teeth and articulation disorders.

It is often difficult to identify a particular source of an oromyofunctional disorder (OMD). In most cases it is the result of a combination of factors: that is OMD's involve a myriad of causes and contributing factors.

Many authorities suggest that OMD’s may result from the following:

  • Improper oral habits
  • Restricted nasal airway
  • Structural abnormalities
  • Neurological or developmental abnormalities
  • Hereditary predisposition

 

Goals of treatment may include:

Creating an awareness of skeletal musculature

  • Reshaping/toning appropriate musculature

Developing normal neuromuscular functions

  • Establishing a routine to achieve habituation    

 


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